Oskar Erbslöh (1879–1910) was a German pilot. His short life centred primarily on his passion for flying. The son of a businessman, he gathered his first experience of ballooning at the age of 25. He subsequently took part in both national and international balloon races. In 1908, he founded Rheinisch-Westfälische Motorluftschiff-Gesellschaft, a manufacturer of engine-powered airships. The dirigible balloon Erbslöh was built here. The airship crashed during a test flight, killing Oskar Erbslöh and the four other passengers.