Air quality monitoring
EU regulations stipulate that specific air pollution limit values set for pre-defined periods of time must not be exceeded. These limit values are based on the guideline values published by the World Health Organization (WHO) which, in turn, are determined by the latest scientific research into the effect of air pollution on human health and the environment. The limit values and the compliance dates have been harmonised with the Federal Emission Control Ordinance and implemented in German laws.
At the eastern head of the runway at Schönefeld Airport, Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH has operated an air quality monitoring point since August 2011. This location, which was chosen in collaboration with the State Environmental Agency of Brandenburg (LfU), is used predominantly to measure emissions caused by aircraft taking off, vehicle traffic on the ground and handling processes on the apron in westerly wind conditions.
With the aid of the monitoring point, the concentration of typical contaminants, such as carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen monoxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulates (PM10 and PM2.5) are continuously monitored. Additionally, samples are collected on filters and in tubes and submitted to the State Laboratory of Berlin-Brandenburg. These samples are tested for the presence of the pollutants benzene, benzo(a)chrysen, other hydrocarbons and particulate matter. The continuously monitored values can be accessed daily on the website of the State Agency for the Environment.