Amman, the white city16.06.2016
Amman is the capital city of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. It lies in the northwest of this Arab country and has around four million residents. Amman is one of the oldest cities in the world and today is a lively metropolis that exudes oriental charm. It is a place where tradition meets modern life. Founded on seven hills, the Jordanian capital now covers more than 19 hills. Due to its many bright limestone buildings, Amman is often referred to as the white city. Amman is an ideal starting point for a tour of Jordan. Among the country’s highlights are Petra (the city cut from rock), the Wadi Rum desert, and the Dead Sea.
Amman, treasure of the Orient
Jebel Amman – one of the seven hills on which Amman was once built – provides the perfect spot for you to get a sense of the city with its vast sea of buildings. Here you have a wonderful view of the capital, in particular of the famous King Abdullah Mosque. The biggest and probably also most beautiful mosque in Amman was built in 1989 in honour of the first ruler of modern Jordan. Tourists have the opportunity to visit the mosque. Women must wear a black robe.
The remnants of the ancient citadel are particularly worth exploring too. From the citadel’s hill you have a splendid view of the historical part of town and the Roman Theatre. At a height of 850 metres, Jabal al-Qal’a is the highest hill in Amman. With the citadel having being used by Romans, Byzantines and Arabs, remains from various epochs can be seen, including the Umayyad Palace, the Byzantine Basilica, and the Temple of Hercules. Situated near the citadel is the Archaeological Museum, which houses an extensive collection of ancient artefacts.
Visitors interested in collections of ancient artefacts and the history of the country should visit the Jordan Museum. Exhibiting more than 2,000 artefacts, the museum portrays the history and culture of the Jordanian territory, from the Palaeolithic period right up to the present day. The museum is located in the dynamic downtown area of Ras al-’Ayn.
Jordan is a very hospitable country. Many Jordanians speak English. Street signs are in both Arabic and English. Taxi drivers use taximeters to calculate the fare. Visitors can test their haggling skills at one of the many souks (markets). The traditional Gold Souk situated in the historical part of town is famous for hand-made articles of gold and silver.
German citizens require a visa to enter Jordan. You can apply for this in advance at the Jordanian Embassy or directly on entry at the airport. Your passport must be valid for at least another six months from the date of entry to Jordan. The best time to travel to Jordan is from March to mid-June and from September to November. The summer months are at times very hot and dry. The winters are cold and rainy.
Queen Alia International Airport is situated 35 kilometres to the south of Amman. There is a bus connection (Airport Express Bus) to the city centre. The journey by taxi to the centre costs around 24 JD and takes 45 minutes. The airline Royal Jordanian currently flies four times a week – every Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday – from Berlin Tegel to Amman. From 3 July 2016, Royal Jordanian will be offering an additional flight from Tegel, thus providing five weekly connections between the two capitals. This will add Sunday to the schedule. Airbus A319/A320 aircraft with business class and economy class are operated on all of the oneworld airline’s flights. The flight time is around four and a half hours.